According to criminals, it is possible to travel with such false passport, but also to open a bank account. You don't even need the deep web for it, some are available on clearnet. But Albert Kramer from the digital security company Trend Micro advises interested parties to make it a little more obscure. "It is very unwise to use the public web because it is visible to investigation services and Internet providers. Criminals know that too."
Police experts and counterfeiters themselves divide the market for fake documents into three sectors. The first one consists of forged identity documents, such as passports, registration forms and immigration cards, and is the most profitable. The second sector is the sale of false or illegal assistance in registering the original documents for a vehicle, which is the most stable niche, demand for which will always be increasing. And the third sector consists of educational documents: its clientele is rather narrow and also stable.
If you download the anonymous Tor browser, and search for 'fake passport', you get a variety of possibilities. The Dutch passport appears to be one of the most popular to buy illegally, as well as the German, American, British and French passports.
Kramer says that anyone can do this. "For me, this can be done in a few minutes. Someone who is perhaps a little less technical will take a bit longer. But we are not talking here in days or weeks. It is actually accessible to everyone." The price is even better: for 600 euros you have a Dutch passport, for 100 euros more you get a driving license.
Earlier the journalist Harald Doornbos managed to purchase a Syrian passport with the passport photograph of Dutch Premier Minister Mark Rutte. He didn't even need the deep web for that: it was arranged within two phone calls in Syria.
A few years ago, the main sources of acquisition of fake identity documents in Russia were underground passages and subway stations, where sellers with cardboard signs reading "Diplomas", "Passports", "Certificates" were lined up. The further procedure of buying a fake looked simple: the customer was left with a contact phone number and waited for a call. Classified ads in local newspapers were also offering a vide variety of fake identity and educational documents.
Today, as experts note, the main channel for distributing false documents is the Internet. Migration of counterfeit documents business to the World Wide Web is not a secret for law enforcement agencies. "Naturally, we know about a huge number of sites that offer assistance in the supposedly legal registration of various documents. They operate in a variety of ways, and the virtual space provides not only the opportunity for maneuvers, but also almost 100% security" - said the expert.
Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs has a special department for identifying and busting such networks. A total of 37 organizations specializing in the illegal issuance of documents have been identified this year. Nine criminal cases have been opened under Articles 159 and 327 of the Russian Criminal Code (fraud and forgery, production or sale of forged identity documents). Legal responsibility will inevitably be borne not only by the person who provides document forgery services, but also by a person acquiring such a document.
According to the passport and visa services, the introduction of biometric documents will seriously complicate the lives of criminals. The forgery of new passports and ID cards will require expensive equipment. Biometric data will be entered into a government computer database and will be automatically applied to the documents when a passport is exchanged or a new one is issued.